India has had a wound round its Himalayan neck ever because it suffered a humiliating defeat to China in 1962. The current conflict between Indian and China troopers in Galwan Valley on June 15 has solely rubbed salt into that wound.
It has come to this as a result of when China invaded neighboring Tibet in 1950, India was in thrall to the newly-established communist regime below Mao Zedong after a bloody revolution. Ignoring its civilizational relationship with Tibet, India hoped to realize from the rising energy of the Folks’s Republic of China and thus celebrated “Hindi-Chini bhai bhai,” a preferred slogan of the time that interprets to “Indians and Chinese language are brothers.”
Han and Hindu Nationalism Come Face to Face
After 1962, the Chinese language navy stood on the doorstep of India throughout hundreds of kilometers within the Himalayas. Proverbially, this border was guarded by solely 60 Indian policemen earlier than China’s conquest of Tibet. Pertinently, India by no means had a border with China earlier than 1950.
Refuge in India
If Tibet had remained a free and impartial nation, at the moment it will have been the 10th largest nation with 2.5 million sq. kilometers of land. The Tibetan Plateau hosts 46,000 glaciers, practically one-fourth of the world’s complete quantity. It’s a supply of quite a few rivers, together with among the most mighty ones such because the Indus, Brahmaputra, Mekong and Yangtze. It’s surprising that such an enormous reservoir of water and pure sources in Asia has been occupied by China and it’s much more surprising that it barely will get a point out at the moment.
Historic Buddhist tradition has been preserved in Tibet over many centuries. Within the Indian public psyche, Kailash Mansarovar was a part of India. Tibetans used to go to Buddhist pilgrimage websites in India at Sarnath, Bodhgaya, Nalanda and Amravati. The India–Tibet border was irrelevant and folks used to cross it freely. At present, that border has two armies going through one another and folks now not cross it.
After the Dalai Lama took refuge in India in 1959, round 100,000 Tibetans have come to India. Most of them stay within the Himalayan areas and the state of Karnataka. The Tibetan seat of energy is in Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh, the place the Dalai Lama has arrange abode. The Tibetan parliament and authorities are additionally based mostly there. Though many Tibetans nonetheless dream of a free Tibet, India‘s need for nearer ties with China up to now has led New Delhi to draw back from supporting Tibetan independence. As a refugee in India, the Dalai Lama has spoken of autonomy and adhered to India‘s “One-China” coverage.
In 70 years of Chinese language occupation, greater than 1 million Tibetans have been killed, 6,000 monasteries destroyed and Tibet’s cultural identification attacked. The Chinese language have additionally proceeded to take advantage of Tibet’s pure sources. They’ve cleared forests, bombed mountains and observe strip mining for gold, copper, lithium and different uncommon earth parts.
The worldwide neighborhood has ignored the genocide and exploitation Tibet has skilled during the last seven a long time. Highly effective nations have made their peace with China for geopolitical and financial causes. Within the course of, Tibetans have suffered loads.
Globalization has led over 160 international locations buying and selling with China. Western “liberal democrats” blindly settle for the “One-China” coverage and acknowledge Tibet as part of China. Freed of any exterior stress, China has change into extra oppressive in Tibet. Even possessing the Dalai Lama’s picture may land a Tibetan in jail on fees of separatism. Though Tibetan youth don’t retaliate like their counterparts in Palestine or Kashmir, they’ve resorted to self-immolation as a type of protest towards Chinese language occupation.
Tibetans nonetheless consider that freedom is feasible. Till six a long time in the past, Confucianism and Buddhism have been the strongest influences on Chinese language society. Communism attacked these twin pillars. Capitalism has shaken them additional. At present, the one faith consumerist China worships is cash. But, because the Chinese language are discovering, life is greater than cash. Tibetans are satisfied that China won’t ever have the ability to conquer their spirit and that they’re free till their spirit is free.
Throughout visits of Chinese language leaders, Indian police usually arrest all Tibetan activists to appease China. But younger Tibetans take their inspiration from India’s battle for independence from British rule. Few do not forget that till 1942, most Indians didn’t consider they’d see freedom of their lifetime. Mahatma Gandhi’s Give up India Motion struggled to realize mass help. Inside 5 years, India turned impartial as a result of the British Empire collapsed below its personal weight. Tibetans consider the identical will occur to the fashionable Chinese language empire.
Chinese language Domination
China has not solely occupied Tibet but additionally Uighur East Turkestan, a Muslim-majority area masking 1.eight million sq. kilometers now generally known as Xinjiang. It additionally occupies 1.2 million sq. kilometers of southern Mongolia and 84,000 sq. kilometers of Manchuria. By some calculations, 60% of China’s 9.6 million sq. kilometers is occupied territory. China’s expansionist designs proceed. The “Belt and Highway Initiative” is China’s plan to dominate world commerce.
The Chinese language Communist Occasion (CCP) controls all facets of life within the nation. The administration, the judiciary, the legislature, the media and the navy are all managed by the CCP. The occasion fosters a persona cult round Mao regardless of his accountability for the dying of tens of millions of individuals. His portrait nonetheless adorns Tiananmen Sq., a spot made immemorable by the brutal slaughter of unarmed college students by armed tanks. That 1989 bloodbath nonetheless stands obliterated from historical past textbooks and even the web in China.
Territorial encroachments and China’s help for Pakistan display that Beijing has no respect for India’s territorial integrity. There is no such thing as a purpose for India to respect China’s territorial integrity. Beijing is going through worldwide isolation due to the COVID-19 outbreak. From Japan to Bhutan, China’s neighbors are nervous about its expansionism. The time has come for India to face as much as China. It should scrap the “One-China” coverage and help Tibet’s nonviolent motion for independence.
*[An earlier model of this text was printed by The Indian Categorical.]
The views expressed on this article are the creator’s personal and don’t essentially replicate Truthful Observer’s editorial coverage.